Anxiety Disorder Symptoms & Treatment
There is probably no person in the world who does not experience anxiety. Anxiety is a normal human emotion, it arises as a reaction to potential danger. Here we will find out about anxiety disorder symptoms and treatment.
But before I dive into the symptoms and treatments of anxiety disorder lets find out more about its core definition, groups, and types.
What is an anxiety disorder?
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a worry about future events, while fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as increased heart rate and shakiness.
Types of anxiety disorders
There are several anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism. The disorder differs from what results in the symptoms. An individual may have more than one anxiety disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This is the case when anxiety appears due to exams or an upcoming meeting with the parents of a loved one. Anxiety comes on its own, it does not need a reason, and the experiences are so strong that they do not allow a person to perform even simple everyday activities.
Social Anxiety Disorder
This fear interferes with being among people. We are afraid of other people’s assessments, and also are often afraid of other people’s actions. This makes it difficult for them to study, work, even go to the store and say hello to neighbors.
It can be a fear of appreciation that they will consider it ugly, stupid, wrong, unattractive. There are more specific types of social anxiety, such as fear of public speaking. To some extent, we are all afraid of them, but there are people who, when they go on stage, are speechless, all their thoughts disappear from their heads.
People with this disease experience acute fear and anxiety, they get so scared that sometimes they cannot take a step. The heart beats at a frantic speed, it darkens in the eyes, there is not enough air. These attacks can come at the most unexpected moment, and sometimes because of this fear a person is afraid to leave the house.
Panic attacks can occur in a normal environment: in the subway, at home, while walking. A person begins to fear their repetition, and the more he is afraid, the more likely it will overtake him again. Periodically recurring panic attacks form a panic disorder.
When a person is afraid of something specific. For example, fear of heights, fear of planes, fear of dogs, fear of spiders, fear of open or closed spaces, fear of contracting HIV / AIDS. The list of specific phobias is huge.
In addition, anxiety disorder is often found in combination with other problems: bipolar or obsessive-compulsive disorder or depression .
In psychology, the main character of agoraphobia is the fear of panic attacks. A person with agoraphobia is afraid (and avoids) situations where the exit may be difficult or in case of a panic attack, it is impossible to get help. Agoraphobia is the most common of anxiety disorders (about 5% of the population). Agoraphobia affects people from all social strata and life spheres of the population (mainly women).
The most common sites of agoraphobia are Crowds such as grocery stores, malls, restaurants. Closed or restricted places, such as bridges, tunnels. Public transport (bus, train, plane). Finding a home alone and leaving home alone
Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
This is an anxiety disorder in which an individual experiences excessive anxiety regarding separation from home and/or from people to whom the individual has a strong emotional attachment (e.g., a parent, caregiver, significant other, or siblings).
It is most common in infants and small children, typically between the ages of six to seven months to three years, although it may pathologically manifest itself in older children, adolescents, and adults. Separation anxiety is a natural part of the developmental process.
Unlike SAD, normal separation anxiety indicates healthy advancements in a child’s cognitive maturation. This should not be considered a developing behavioral problem.
Selective Mutism (SM)
This is when a person normally capable of speech cannot speak in specific situations or to specific people if triggered.
Selective mutism usually co-exists with social anxiety disorder. People with selective mutism stay silent even when the consequences of their silence include shame, social ostracism, or punishment.
Mental symptoms: strong unreasonable fear of a situation or object.
Physical symptoms: rapid breathing or palpitations, increased blood pressure, trembling or trembling, sweating, suffocation, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dizziness, numbness, hot flashes of feeling cold or hot, pain in the head, stomach, muscles – despite the fact that doctors do not find any violations.
Fear of death, fear of losing control of a situation or loss of mind, the frustration of a sense of reality, or a feeling of estrangement.
Treatment for anxiety disorders
Constant anxiety is treated, like other mental disorders. For this, there are specialist psychotherapists who do not just talk with patients about their difficult childhood but help to find techniques that truly improve the condition.
Some will feel better after a few conversations, some would after series of medications. The doctor will help you reconsider your lifestyle, find the reasons why you are nervous a lot, evaluate how severe the symptoms are, and whether you need to take medications.
Treatment Options for Anxiety Disorders
Self help for anxiety
Knowing the physical and mental symptoms of anxiety will help you better deal with it. Self-help methods are those methods that will help you cope with physical and mental symptoms and effectively solve your problems. All self-help exercises described in this article can always be used in the event of stress and anxiety.
1. Find the reason
Analyze what you are experiencing more and more often, and try to exclude this factor from life. Anxiety is a natural mechanism that is needed for our own safety. We are always afraid of something dangerous that could harm us.
Maybe if you are constantly shaking with fear of bosses, is it better to change jobs and relax? If you succeed, it means that your anxiety is not caused by an upset, there is no need to treat anything – live and enjoy life. But if you can’t isolate the cause of the concern, it’s better to seek help.
2. Exercise regularly
There are many white spots in the treatment of mental disorders, but researchers agree on one thing: regular physical activity really helps to keep the mind in order.
3. Let the brain rest
It’s best to sleep. Only in a dream does the brain overwhelmed with fears relax, and you get a break.
4. Learn to slow down your imagination
Anxiety is a reaction to what has not happened. This is a fear of what can only happen. In fact, anxiety is only in our heads and is completely irrational.
While all kinds of horrors happen in the anxious imagination, in reality, everything goes on as usual, and one of the best ways to turn off the constantly itchy fear is to return to the present, to current tasks.
5. Stop smoking and drinking.
When there is already a mess in the body, shaking the fragile balance with substances that affect the brain is at least illogical.
6. Learn relaxation techniques
Here the rule “the more the better.” Learn breathing exercises, look for relaxing yoga poses, try music or even ASMR, drink chamomile tea, or use lavender essential oil in the room. All in a row, until you find a few options that will help you.
Psychotherapy is a treatment method in which psychological treatment methods are used that help create changes in your thoughts, feelings and behavior that are necessary for recovery. In the case of anxiety disorders, cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered an effective form of psychotherapy.
In the treatment of anxiety disorders, antidepressants are used and, if necessary, sedatives and / or sleeping pills are added to the treatment regimen.
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